Applications of Additive Manufacturing in various Fields

3-Dimensional printing is not a new technology that is used to produce prototypes. However, this technology is still evolving and additive manufacturing is now used across different industries.

3D printing and additive manufacturing applications help companies to manage their resources such as time, materials, personnel and even money.

There are now several companies using 3D printing for producing products made by additive manufacturing.

With technology changing the approaches of finding a solution to a problem, we can not underestimate the impacts of additive manufacturing in the future.

 

Additive manufacturing in Medicine

3D printing in healthcare emerging applications is becoming more popular in the medical field.

Over two decades ago, Bioprinting became one of the main applications of 3D printing. In today’s medical practices, a 3D printer can be used to create a human liver.

People like Organova (inventor of the first commercial bio-printer – NovoGen MMX), Makoto Nakamura, and scientists from Tissue Engineering and Regenerative medicine Lab at Columbia University have developed printer models to keep up with this trend.

The applications of additive manufacturing in the medical field are not limited to bioprinting, but it is also used in the production of prostheses; prostheses can be individually adapted to humans and animals.

Also, 3D bioprinter is easy to be moved closer to the exact body area where doctors are working on in the theatre. This is one of the benefits of 3D printing in the medical field.

3D bioprinter is also used to print organs for pre-surgical exercise for practicing doctors and students studying medicines and other related courses.

Today, standard hospitals and clinics are now using 3D printers to meet their patients’ needs.

While the above-mentioned benefits of 3D printing in healthcare are highlighted, there are problems with 3D tech and challenges faced by healthcare companies.

Some of the disadvantages are

  • High production cost
  • High energy demand
  • Production materials are scarce
  • It leads to Harmful Emissions
  • It can increase Plastic pollution

 

Additive manufacturing applications in the automotive industry

Applications of 3d printing in the automotive industry have increased rapidly in the last two decades. We now have 3D printed automobile parts.

Additive manufacturing is now changing how we move and transport things. The benefits of 3D manufacturing are felt in both marine, aerospace and land transportation means.

Whether in aerospace, automotive or shipping, companies are looking for ways to manage their time and money.

Since it costs so much, for example, to transport materials into space, authorities, airlines, and transport companies are looking for ways to minimize the high transport costs.

To help to reduce the high costs, additive manufacturing is being relied upon. It makes it possible to optimize the topology so that weight can be optimized without having to sacrifice load capacity.

The advance of 3D printing in the field of metal spare parts also allows technological and pragmatic advances in the automotive industry.

In the current state of 3d printing in the automotive industry, we now have cars or ships that are manufactured using a 3D printer.

 

Additive manufacturing in the construction industry

The application of additive manufacturing in the construction industry has not just started in recent decades.

Architects and civil engineers have been using CAD programs to design and construct buildings on their computers for quite some time now.

With the advent of additive manufacturing 3D printing, many construction companies can now use this technology to build models.

With 3D printing, architects can now develop building models with many details. More engineers are now finding it easy to use this technology since they are already used to CAD programs long before the advent of 3D printing.

3D printing can be used to deliver building construction within a short time and with less human resources.

For example, Apis Cor (the first company in the US that developed specialized equipment for 3D printing) completed a 3D-printed house within 30 hours.

The company used 3D machines to complete this project where their movable arms helped to distribute the concrete evenly.

Other examples are the printing of a metal bridge in Amsterdam. Even the American Space Agency is working towards using 3D printing to design buildings on the moon and Mars.

 

Additive manufacturing in art & design

3D printing technologies are increasingly used in the art & design field.

Professional artists across the globe now incorporate 3D printing into their art design.

This is because additive manufacturing helps artists actualize their weird imaginations

With this technology, artists will change the scope of the art engineering in the future. Already, we can say that the future of digital art is already here.

Examples of the impacts of 3D printing are the dress collections by Danit Peleg, jewelry by Diana Law and even the production of chocolates of different shapes by Dinara Kasko.

 

Other areas of the applications of AM

Additive manufacturing is finding its way in almost all sectors of the economy.

It is one of the technologies that now influence our entire society as it facilitates the development of new products, personalizing products and meeting some very specific needs.

In aerospace, AM is now being explored in many space research. Additive manufacturing is already used successfully in building new satellites or a lunar station.

This will make it easy to send elements into space with much less weight.

 

Conclusion

3D printing offers different applications across several industries. It offers efficient solutions in robotics, innovations in sports, health, construction, Arts and design, etc.

Types of Distributed Ledger Technology

Distributed ledger technology can be classified based on the authority basis where one will need permission and the other will be permissionless for validating transactions.

Apart from this, the distributed ledger technology can be split into the proof of work and the proof of stake based on the voting systems.

 

Permissionless

In the blockchain category, bitcoin is one of the most used cryptocurrency.

There are certain cryptographic keys here which will have nodes in order to participate in a network.

Anyone who holds the key can become a miner to work with the network and get a reward in return.

There is also the option for the miners to stay away from the node and give it back when they want to.

When this happens the miner will get the details of the account activity from the point of time where they left the network.

In this network, any person can read the chain and also make changes to it.

There is also the option to create a new block for the chain. This entire system is decentralized.

Due to these standards, one can consider this system as a public blockchain.

While this is what is described as the permissionless type, there is also the blockchain which will require the permission for reading the information.
Permission Based

If the blockchain requires permission it will limit the access to users for transacting on the blockchain.

The option of taking part in the network will also be restricted which is done by implementing new blocks in the chain.

In this case, there is a transaction validator which is part of the network.

This transaction validator has its own node along with the third-party nodes, which are present across the globe.

There is the option given to the developer of the blockchain to keep the system permissionless in which the node can be kept private which will enhance the network’s security.

In this, the record will be available to everyone. There is the option to either go for permissionless or permission-based as well as combining both and have a mix of both for the network security.

It all depends on the needs of the company based on which the technology can be customized.

 

Proof of Work & Proof of Stake

Under proof of work, the one voting right of the ledger will be given for each computer.

Imagine there is a cryptocurrency puzzle for which all the computers present in the network is trying to figure out a solution.

The only way to attain that solution is by predicting the numbers until the final solution has arrived.

The entity which gives the right solution will be able to create a new block.

This new block will have some transactions along with a reward which can be considered as a bonus.

The reward is usually given in the format of bitcoins.

It is similar to a game where the winner gets it all. But in this game, every participant will have to pay a fee in the form of computational power.

In the case of the Proof of Stake, the process will be changed to one vote with one coin.

Here, the coins which are at stake will be locked up so that no one is able to transfer it.

For this voting rights will be allocated where the vote can be placed on the block needed to be added to the Blockchain.

If there is a fraudulent activity, then the particular person will lose coins as punishment.

In this process, a lot of time and electricity can be saved since there is no lengthy process of trying to get the voting rights.

Digital Twin Technology, its Implementation and Advantages

What is Digital Twin Technology?

This technology helps simulating a physical entity and combination of entities in a way that the physical asset and the digital asset can run differently at the same time.

It will now combine the physical with the virtual world, driven by internet of things (iot) In this converged result, all the industrial products will have a dynamic representation.

Any product right from the phase of development, throughout the design phase until the delivery stage will have a digital replica.

Since these are digital prints, they will produce data which can be accessed on a real-time basis.

This will help in better analysis and prediction for businesses and will reduce some certain cost in analyzing data.

Implementing the digital twin technology will result in better customer service which will further enhance the business.

Start-ups and existing companies in the healthcare, construction, automotive, finance industry and others using digital twin technology have improved efficiency in different case studies that were reviewed.

The Digital Twin technology, which helps all these, uses machine learning, artificial intelligence, internet of things and big data for the data and analysis.

 

How the Digital twin technology is implemented

Digital Twins will act as the virtual substitute for the physical products.

They will duplicate the machines as well as the physical sites with the help of sensors.

This can be built way before the actual creation of the physical asset.

To produce the digital twin, the engineers will source the data from various sources like manufacturing, physical, operational etc and analyze it.

This entire information along with the artificial intelligence algorithms will be put into a virtual model where the analytics are applied.

This will generate the relevant results in regards to the actual asset. Since the data will be generated on a continuous’ basis, it will help in giving the optimal analysis for the better outcome in businesses.

In other words, the digital twin will act as the live model for the physical equipment.

This will help in predicting the current state of the asset as well as the future.

 

The Advantages of digital twin technology

The information secured in the digital form is maintained to be used for future purposes.

Right from the design phase until the deployment, all the details are stored securely, thus producing the digital twin.

When the product is being sold and released into the market, then the history of the product will be kept in the digital form.

This record will have all the details regarding the product which will help in giving an enhanced service and will also ease the process of maintenance.

The stored digital information will help in giving the complete picture of the product.

The current state of the product can also be kept on track throughout the product life.

This will help in predicting the maintenance schedule and will also help in effective tool management.

The digital twin has proved its importance in improving the maintenance operations by giving support for the equipment in the field and be minimizing the breakdown of the products.

 

Application in Business

In regards to the business sector, the digital twin concept has proved itself to be the next big step.

Although there may be some challenges, however, the advantages of digital twin technology outweigh the disadvantages.

This is because of its capacity to analyze and predict the status of the physical assets.

When a digital twin is in place, it will help in giving a better insight into the product and it will also enhance the customer service.

It has already started changing the product cycle in the manufacturing industry, making nice impacts on blockchain transaction processes.

For example, this has proven to make the manufacturing process more optimized and has saved a lot of time.

In the case of the automobile sector, the digital twin is used to produce a virtual model of a vehicle.

With the help of the operational data of the vehicle, the overall performance of the vehicle can be kept tracked.

This will pave the way for the customized customer service.

The aforementioned industries are not the only ones which customer services had been improved with the digital twin.

In the retail sector, virtual twins are created for customers where the accessories can be tried out with the models.

This has enhanced the customer experience significantly.

Digital Twin has also proven useful in enhancing the security features in several fields.

The overall management of the products seems to be handled easily with the help of Digital Twin technology.

The advantage of the ability to monitor, track and control all the digital twins of the physical assets has made this technology unavoidable for businesses.

Nanotechnology Application uses and Benefits to our Daily Life

The commercial application of nanotechnology today is having great impact on our daily life already and the future scope holds more advantages.


There are several uses connecting the advances in nanotechnology, which is beneficial to several sectors like the food industry, the electronic sector, the medical and the Pharma industry etc.


Generally, in the field of nanotechnology, everything is calculated in nanometres.

The nanometre calculates the unimaginably small ranges.

This gives an added advantage to nanotechnology.

In the case of healthcare, researches show that this technology can be used to improve the overall health of the heart.

Also, nanotechnology can be used in the improvement of the shelf life of the vegetables.

Let us look into the list of uses of nanotechnology today and its various benefits.

Benefits of Nanotechnology in Agriculture

In the field of Food science and agriculture, nanotechnology can be used to increase the shelf life of fruits and vegetables.

This is possible by bringing out an antibacterial agent in food with the help of inserting silver nanoparticles in such food.

Since they are very small in nature, it will not cause any kind of harmful effect to the food and it will not cause any kind of change in the flavor too.

Some of the main advantages of nanotechnology in food and agriculture is to bring about crop improvement, solutions to greenhouse and Urban agriculture and food security.

This concept of nanotechnology in food is presently being used in several places.

While the Food and Drug Administration have not clearly mentioned any rules and regulations regarding the use of nanotechnology, there is this request issued to food companies to discuss the products used beforehand.

The government wants to make sure that they are part of it when nanotechnology is implemented in food, which again increases the safety standard of the food products.

And also to ensure the negative impacts nanotechnology may have on the environment are minimized.

More so, there are several cosmetic companies which use nanotechnology in their food by-products which are mixed in the cosmetic products.

Advantages of Nanotechnology in Medicines

There are advantages and disadvantages of nanotechnology in medicine, however, its benefits outweigh the risks.

One of the major uses of nanotechnology in the medical field has been the creation of pacemaker which will help in eliminating heart failure.

This will save several lives and will extend the life of people who are prone to cardiovascular disease.

The heart usually beats in correlation with the lungs. This will cause some patterns which will support the proper functioning of the heart.

This is why people say that the breathing level is connected to our heartbeat.

In the case of cardiovascular diseases, the heart rate will be varied and it will not correlate with the lungs.

This will cause a difference and will lead to the failure of the heart.

With the help of nanotechnology, the pacemaker will improve the heart’s pumping rate, which will, in turn, save energy.

Since the nanotechnology is used here, the size of the device is very small and can be similar to a postage stamp.

While the pacemakers which were developed initially supported the heart functioning, it did not align with the natural movements of the body.

The updated pacemaker takes into account all that and reduces the stress given to the muscles.

There are also advantages of Nanotechnology in prostrate cancer treatment and other forms of Cancers in the human body.

Benefits of Nanotechnology on Energy and Environment

With the help of nanotechnology, there is the option to make artificial photosynthesis which can be used similarly to solar power.

Now there are devices like water splitter which are made with the help of nanotechnology.

The water splitter will even be able to save energy when there is no direct sunlight.

By bringing in nanotechnology here, the sustainability of these devices will increase rapidly.

Since initial water splitters were silicone based, there was the problem of corrosion. But by implementing nanotechnology here, all such issues are eliminated.

Additionally, there are several clean-up functions lined up which can be performed with the help of nanotechnology.

This clean-up will help in removing all the polluted air and water by removing all the toxins present, thus giving us a more purified environment.

The results are promising and the cost seems to be reduced.

Other area of application of nanotechnology is in the electrical and electronics engineering.

There are already paper presentations showing how the future of nanotechnology in electronics would increase more quality and less harmful products.

Impacts of Extended Realities on Health, Education, Gaming and Life

With a number of practical uses, examples of augmented reality in everyday life and the possibility of transforming various industries like gaming, health care, food, education and the economy at large, extended reality has become one of the most-looked-up technologies presently.

For those who’re naive about Augmented Reality (AR), Virtual Reality (VR), Mixed Reality (MR), Extended Reality (XR) encompasses all, so it’s possible to hear about these terms as each one is distinct but still under XR.

The applications of extended reality which has the potential to impact everyone’s life is as given below.

Although there are also concerns especially the negative effects it may have on culture, experience and buying products, we’ll only deal with the benefits today.

 

Healthcare and Wearable Technology

In the healthcare sector, there is the possibility of using Augmented Reality in teaching students in the case of surgical procedures.

With XR, the human body organs can be shown on 3D to teach the surgical procedures to the students without practicing it on patients.

They would be able see the whole thing, identify where there’s problem and even correct mistakes without risking life if it had been done on real humans.

This is achieved with simulated training sessions which can be used for in-depth procedures.

In the case of Ophthalmology, the use of XR can help with the eye surgery procedure.

The veins and other delicate areas in the patient’s eye can be seen precisely and any possible damage revolving around the surgery can be calculated beforehand.

Even in the case of real-time operations, the use of Mixed Realities will help surgeons in a great number of ways.

XR can be used by medical students for learning about the inner workings of the human body regarding any part in detail.

Virtual Realities can also help with patients suffering from depression as there are different Virtual reality psychological research on this.

Real life situations can be simulated to counsel patients and help with their depression.

This has actually worked in the department of health psychology and mental health therapy for patients.

Already, there are several applications based on the XR. The future of healthcare will change rapidly in the Augmented Realities.

The developments in the field will bring in many innovations which will change the way of interacting in the medical world.

With the help of XR, a computer-generated environment can be witnessed by placing any kind of wearable technology in our eyes.

This will involve the use of headsets which will completely immerse the user in the virtual world and make them forget the real world.

There are also options where the visual and audio aids can be combined and the smartphones or tablets can be used to produce computer-generated images.

In order to enjoy the feel of Mixed Realities, the user will have to use the wearable technology which is enhanced these days, like glasses.

The possibility is that the wearable technology will combine with the smartphones to make interactions better.

 

Mixed Realities in Gaming and Education

Making learning relevant for students is one of the ways they can learn better because when you connect learning to real life experience, students learn better, retain what they learn and they would be able to recall later in life.

Because of this, stakeholders in the education industry arre constantly thinking about new ways to make the process of teaching a bit more interactive.

The introduction of game based learning activities in classroom is very much received now.

This is because, learning through games in the school would make the class interesting, help in developing new skills and in critical thinking to solving problems.

With the help of gamification, VR could transform higher education as the complex subjects people usually fail and the difficult concepts can be made interesting.

While this is the case, there is a possible drawback as when the games revolving around the concepts are made mandatory, it might make the students disinterested towards the given subject.

When Mixed Realities is brought into games, there are several layers of engagement and interaction which can be unveiled with it.

This can prevent the students from becoming disinterested.

The boring history classes can be turned lively where the students can go for a trip down the memory lane with the help of Extended Realities (XR).

And this will make the field trip much more interesting and engaging.

With the help of XR, a dull concept can be turned lively and all the learning process will be interactive.

The students can make use of XR to investigate all the monuments and historical places which will develop an interest in the subject.

 

Mixed Realities in the Food Industry

Mixed Realities can also be implemented in the food industry. With XR, chef can learn new methods of food preparation through kitchen demo without human interaction.

Here, 3D projection can be used to bring food to life.

 

Other Impacts of Mixed Realities on Business 

The XR can change many markets with its disruptive technology. Several fields like retail, marketing, and advertising have a huge potential to change and huge benefits to get from the XR technology.

The way ads are displayed can be changed drastically and it can be made lively to make it more attractive. The applications are growing day by day.

Top 3 Pos Providers for Beauty Product Supply Store

Beauty supply always has high demand in the market, especially in America where average woman spends over 50 bucks on cosmetics every month and thousands of dollars yearly.

It is estimated that the sales of beauty supply will increase further in the near future and will cross even $90 billion by 2020.

The global cosmetic product market industry is so much viable and keeps growing with expected value of about $860 billion by 2024.

As such beauty supply software has become very essential so that you can ensure that the customer has excellent experience in buying the product.

That is the reason why we have come with some top product supply Point of Sales (POS) providers from whom you can purchase the POS system for providing excellent service to your customers.

 

Revel System:- It is a kind of cloud-based iPad POS system that is very useful for many industries like hospitality, restaurants, fashion, including the beauty supply companies and stores.

With the help of the Revel system, you can even track your hourly sales.

Revel allows you to take the orders on your mobile phones as well.

It provides Bluetooth barcode scanning and both online and offline transaction is possible in this system.

Your clients can also order with less fear because of high level security and EMV (Europay, Mastercard, and Visa) card and payment complaint mechanism put in place.

Revel system also has the ability to provide intelligent reporting.

Apart from that, you can issue discounts easily with this system and it also accepts gift cards.

In case you have any loyalty programs, it can easily manage it.

Revel plays a great role in inventory management as well as staff management.

Moreover, Revel offers Quick books integration as well as social media integration.

As far as the price is concerned it is a little costly as compared to other product supply POS system available in the market.

If you want to set up Revel system then you may give a monthly fee of $70 to$200.

 

LightSpeed:- This is a multi-platform POS device that is very suitable for the beauty supply products.

With the help of this device, you can get the full suite of tools such as block ticker, spread ticker, vertigo, inversion trade, hyperactive, among others.

You can also get the facility for inventory management, accounting and can also avail analytic reports.

The best feature of LightSpeed POS system is that it can cover a huge range of requirements that your store may need.

LightSpeed POS technology comes up with the best inventory management and you can also get customer data retention.

You can also avail appropriate reporting and analytics with LightSpeed system.

It is also very helpful in managing the staff and it can be integrated with QuickBooks or Xero or Sage One.

LightSpeed offers three different packages: small package, medium package, and large package.

The small package is suitable for retail store and it can have access to 5 employees.

The medium size package is for a little larger product store that is actually looking for expanding and can give access to 10 employees.

The large package can give access to 20 employees.

 

ShopKeep:- This is another excellent quality POS system which is very suitable for the medium size beauty supply store or any other product store.

ShoeKeep POS system comes up with some rich features that include inventory management, staff management, and reporting.

ShoeKeep is a very user-friendly Point-of-Sales system and you do not need any kind of training in operating this system.

The transaction of this POS system can be done both online and offline.

ShoeKeep also has the ability to issue discount to client as well as it can accept gift cards from shoppers.

ShoeKeep also has some other features such as MailChimp integration, customer data management. Moreover, it is PCI DSS compliant.

This product supply POS system is very suitable for the medium sized beauty supply store or any product store.

As far as pricing is concerned, it is less costly than that of other product supply POS system available in the market.

That is the reason why it is highly used in most of the retailers’ store.

It just has monthly fees of $49 per terminal and does not have any type of hidden cost or fees.

The beauty supply store which can not afford the Revel system or LightSpeed PoS system should go for ShopKeep POS system.

Thus, if you are the owner of any product supply store or selling fashion products and you are not using any POS system, i’m sure any of the above-mentioned POS systems will certainly help you do transaction very easily.

if you are looking for a POS system then you must avail and give satisfaction to your customers, you can go wrong with the aforementioned POS maker brands.

Augmented Reality in Education – Its Application and Advantages in Teaching & Learning Process

The traditional method of teaching is long gone. New methods of teaching are being experimented with the help of technology.

These methods have proven to be more interactive for the students, creating the big differences between the old education teaching and learning method and the modern style.

For example in the traditional method, the students learn under the instruction of the teacher, they also learn through memorization and recitation.

But now, motion pictures are used, education softwares can be given to students while they learn at their comfort time.

Since the present generation are inclined towards technology, the combination of education with technology has made learning more engaging for the students.

There are several apps in the field of education presently which have proved to be successful among the student community.

The next step here is the use of augmented reality.

 

How Augmented Reality helps school education?

Augmented reality (AR) is now very relevant in the education sector, especially its application in higher education learning and in training institute since it makes teaching and learning to be simplified.

AR can be used in the classroom setup where the otherwise used traditional method can be altered with this.

For example, when AR is used in the study materials, whether it is the textbooks or apps, the learning process becomes engaging.

This innovative method can also be used to make the tough subjects and tedious concepts simplified and entertaining and that makes the future of AR application in education to be given much priority.

Already, statistics has shown uptrend in its application and we hope to see more adoption of AR in years to come.

As of now, AR is presently used in simple formats which have proven to be effective among students.

By showing the AR app in front of a concept, the concept will come live in front of the students’ eyes and it will explain itself.

In the case of science, just like a Facebook profile, there are also cards and profiles for various species.

Since the present generation students have a short attention span due to the various distractions around, the use of AR in the classroom will get the students hooked to the subject.

These and many more are some of the reasons augmented reality should be considered in every tie of education.

Although there may be some challenges like software issues, rejection, limitation to hardware capabilities, the prons still outweigh the cons.

The learning process can be made interactive with the visual stimulation with the help of AR.

Apart from this, an AR-based artificial world can also be created for each student or class, where explorations can be made related to the subject.

Teachers can design such quest and encourage students to learn through the experience.

While the present applications of AR in schools are just in the beginning stage, it is expected to transform the method of teaching and learning in the near future.

 

Augmented Reality helps in self-learning

While part of the learning happens in a classroom, the rest happens at home.

This includes the tasks assigned to the students as homework and the leisure learning done by the students.

Since teachers will not be present at home to assist the students, AR can take their place and guide the students in learning the concepts and in finishing the assigned tasks.

By assigning self-learning tasks which work on AR, students will be eager to explore the content.

It will also encourage students to spend quality time learning at home.

At present, there are some materials which are AR-based that are used in several educational institutes.

More such materials are expected to take over the routine homework tasks.

By making the images and the visuals project out in a 3D fashion, it will make the learning materials lively.

When students perform the tasks at home, these visuals can be altered in a way so as to concentrate on the important tasks which otherwise would be missed.

Since students are hooked to mobile phones in their leisure time, combing AR and mobile for learning purpose is sure to get their attention.

 

Augmented Reality in Research

Students conduct several types of research in schools and colleges based on their academic level.

From the basic science projects to the in-depth studies, many kinds of research are carried out in academic institutions.

By bringing in augmented reality in the lab atmosphere, these experiments and research can be made fun.

The concepts can be brought to reality in the experiments with augmented reality.

Since several science experiments have their danger limits and hazards attached to it, AR can be used in that space to eliminate all the risks in real-life experiments.

In the case of electronics and chemistry experiments, the high voltage circuits and the mixing of certain chemicals which have a major reaction is all unsafe.

While the procedure and the results of the experiment and research will be the same, the safety issues can be removed by implementing AR.

When AR is brought into the lab, the interest for students in doing the research or in experimenting a concept will grow drastically.

This is currently witnessed in academic institutions where AR based educational tools are in place.

When resources for certain studies and research are unavailable or extinct, Augmented Reality can be used to substitute the live resources to successfully perform the study.

By engaging AR in their daily lives, students will start learning at their own pace.

This will also pave way for personalized or customized learning for every student.

Through this method, the particular concepts in which the student is lacking can be addressed individually.

Personalized review with AR can also help with the growth of the student’s learning.

In the end, the whole process of learning and teaching will be simplified for both the students and the teachers.