The commercial application of nanotechnology today is having great impact on our daily life already and the future scope holds more advantages.
There are several uses connecting the advances in nanotechnology, which is beneficial to several sectors like the food industry, the electronic sector, the medical and the Pharma industry etc.
Generally, in the field of nanotechnology, everything is calculated in nanometres.
The nanometre calculates the unimaginably small ranges.
This gives an added advantage to nanotechnology.
In the case of healthcare, researches show that this technology can be used to improve the overall health of the heart.
Also, nanotechnology can be used in the improvement of the shelf life of the vegetables.
Let us look into the list of uses of nanotechnology today and its various benefits.
Benefits of Nanotechnology in Agriculture
In the field of Food science and agriculture, nanotechnology can be used to increase the shelf life of fruits and vegetables.
This is possible by bringing out an antibacterial agent in food with the help of inserting silver nanoparticles in such food.
Since they are very small in nature, it will not cause any kind of harmful effect to the food and it will not cause any kind of change in the flavor too.
Some of the main advantages of nanotechnology in food and agriculture is to bring about crop improvement, solutions to greenhouse and Urban agriculture and food security.
This concept of nanotechnology in food is presently being used in several places.
While the Food and Drug Administration have not clearly mentioned any rules and regulations regarding the use of nanotechnology, there is this request issued to food companies to discuss the products used beforehand.
The government wants to make sure that they are part of it when nanotechnology is implemented in food, which again increases the safety standard of the food products.
And also to ensure the negative impacts nanotechnology may have on the environment are minimized.
More so, there are several cosmetic companies which use nanotechnology in their food by-products which are mixed in the cosmetic products.
Advantages of Nanotechnology in Medicines
There are advantages and disadvantages of nanotechnology in medicine, however, its benefits outweigh the risks.
One of the major uses of nanotechnology in the medical field has been the creation of pacemaker which will help in eliminating heart failure.
This will save several lives and will extend the life of people who are prone to cardiovascular disease.
The heart usually beats in correlation with the lungs. This will cause some patterns which will support the proper functioning of the heart.
This is why people say that the breathing level is connected to our heartbeat.
In the case of cardiovascular diseases, the heart rate will be varied and it will not correlate with the lungs.
This will cause a difference and will lead to the failure of the heart.
With the help of nanotechnology, the pacemaker will improve the heart’s pumping rate, which will, in turn, save energy.
Since the nanotechnology is used here, the size of the device is very small and can be similar to a postage stamp.
While the pacemakers which were developed initially supported the heart functioning, it did not align with the natural movements of the body.
The updated pacemaker takes into account all that and reduces the stress given to the muscles.
There are also advantages of Nanotechnology in prostrate cancer treatment and other forms of Cancers in the human body.
Benefits of Nanotechnology on Energy and Environment
With the help of nanotechnology, there is the option to make artificial photosynthesis which can be used similarly to solar power.
Now there are devices like water splitter which are made with the help of nanotechnology.
The water splitter will even be able to save energy when there is no direct sunlight.
By bringing in nanotechnology here, the sustainability of these devices will increase rapidly.
Since initial water splitters were silicone based, there was the problem of corrosion. But by implementing nanotechnology here, all such issues are eliminated.
Additionally, there are several clean-up functions lined up which can be performed with the help of nanotechnology.
This clean-up will help in removing all the polluted air and water by removing all the toxins present, thus giving us a more purified environment.
The results are promising and the cost seems to be reduced.
Other area of application of nanotechnology is in the electrical and electronics engineering.
There are already paper presentations showing how the future of nanotechnology in electronics would increase more quality and less harmful products.